Document Detail


Primary effects of carotid chemoreceptor stimulation on gracilis muscle and renal blood flow and renal function in dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1484369     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. In chloralose-anaesthetized and artificially ventilated dogs, the carotid sinus regions were vascularly isolated and perfused either with arterial or mixed (arterial and venous) blood (partial pressure of O2 (PO2) 43.8 +/- 2.4 mmHg, mean +/- S.E.M. n = 14) to stimulate the carotid chemoreceptors. The carotid sinus pressure was held constant at 142.0 +/- 2.8 mmHg. Measurements were made of renal and gracilis muscle blood flow by wrap-round electromagnetic flow probes placed around the renal and gracilis arteries, glomerular filtration rate by creatine clearance, urinary sodium excretion by flame photometry and solute excretion by osmometry. 2. In ten dogs, with intact cervical vagosympathetic trunks, carotid chemoreceptor stimulation produced significant increases in aortic pressure (AoP) of 12.7 +/- 1.1% (n = 10, P < 0.001), in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of 14.7 +/- 4.1% (P < 0.001), urine flow rate (V) of 16.5 +/- 3.5% (P < 0.002), in urinary sodium excretion (UNaV) of 17.5 +/- 2.5% (P < 0.005) and in urinary osmolar excretion (UosmV) of 13.2 +/- 2.2% (P < 0.001), but a significant decrease in renal blood flow (RBF) of 5.8 +/- 1.8% (P < 0.02). In six of these dogs in which gracilis muscle blood flow (MBF) was also recorded, carotid chemoreceptor stimulation caused significant increases in AoP of 12.8 +/- 1.4% (n = 6, P < 0.001) and in MBF of 10.0 +/- 1.6% (P < 0.002), and a small but significant decrease in RBF of 3.6 +/- 1.5% (P < 0.02). 3. In fourteen dogs, with sectioned cervical vagosympathetic trunks, carotid chemoreceptor stimulation produced increases in AoP of 22.0 +/- 2.6% (n = 14, P < 0.001), in GFR of 36.9 +/- 4.2% (P < 0.001), in V of 30.1 +/- 4.4% (P < 0.001), in UNaV of 31.4 +/- 5.3% (P < 0.001), and in UosmV of 25.7 +/- 5.8% (P < 0.001). However, it produced a greater decrease in RBF of 10.5 +/- 1.9% (P < 0.001). In ten of these dogs, where MBF was recorded, carotid chemoreceptor stimulation caused greater increase in AoP of 22.4 +/- 3.0% (n = 10, P < 0.001) and in MBF of 32.8 +/- 3.7% (P < 0.001), and a greater decrease in RBF of 9.8 +/- 1.9% (P < 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Authors:
M al-Obaidi; F Karim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of physiology     Volume:  455     ISSN:  0022-3751     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Physiol. (Lond.)     Publication Date:  1992 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-02-17     Completed Date:  1993-02-17     Revised Date:  2010-09-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0266262     Medline TA:  J Physiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  73-88     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, University of Leeds.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Flow Velocity
Blood Pressure
Carotid Sinus / physiology*
Chemoreceptor Cells / physiology*
Dogs
Glomerular Filtration Rate / physiology
Heart Rate
Kidney / physiology*
Muscles / blood supply*
Osmolar Concentration
Renal Circulation / physiology*
Sodium / urine
Vagus Nerve / physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7440-23-5/Sodium
Comments/Corrections

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