Document Detail

Primary cutaneous Nocardia otitidiscaviarum infection: case report and review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7620008     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Organisms of the genus Nocardia cause a variety of illnesses in humans and other mammals. Nocardiae normally enter the body via the respiratory tract, but they may also be directly inoculated into the skin, causing primary cutaneous disease. Nocardia otitidiscaviarum is one of the less commonly isolated species of Nocardia, but it can produce localized or disseminated infection. We report a case of primary cutaneous N. otitidiscaviarum infection and review the clinical and microbiological features of other reported cases. Cutaneous N. otitidiscaviarum infection usually occurs in the setting of trauma, most often in otherwise healthy hosts. The manifestations of N. otitidiscaviarum skin infection range from cellulitis and abscess formation to the development of mycetomas. Cutaneous infection by N. otitidiscaviarum can mimic disease caused by more common pyogenic organisms, often leading to delay in diagnosis and treatment. Appropriate antibiotic therapy, usually with a sulfa drug-containing regimen, is generally successful.
N M Clark; D K Braun; A Pasternak; C E Chenoweth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1058-4838     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:  1995 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-08-31     Completed Date:  1995-08-31     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9203213     Medline TA:  Clin Infect Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1266-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Nocardia / drug effects,  pathogenicity
Nocardia Infections / drug therapy*,  epidemiology,  etiology
Skin Diseases, Infectious / drug therapy*,  epidemiology,  etiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents

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