Document Detail


Prevention of tobacco use among medically at-risk children and adolescents: clinical and research opportunities in the interest of public health.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18165219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smoking and other forms of tobacco use are addictive and harmful. Though no level of smoking is safe, children and adolescents who are medically at-risk due to the presence of a chronic or life-threatening disease may be especially vulnerable to these dangers. This article provides an overview of considerations in the prevention of tobacco use in this special population. METHODS: This article summarizes medical aspects of childhood chronic disease and the impact of cigarette smoking, the prevalence of tobacco screening in pediatric healthcare, and levels of prevention for individuals, families, schools, and healthcare. Recommendations for clinical services and research are also included. RESULTS: There are a number of reasons to prevent and interrupt the onset of smoking in medically at-risk youth. Subspecialty clinics appear to be the most likely point of entry for prevention-based work in this area. However, no one single setting will be effective in preventing and deterring use without due consideration of other settings, perspectives, and influences on smoking uptake. CONCLUSIONS: The promise of smoking prevention to improve the health and outlook of children and adolescents with chronic or life-threatening disease is high, and additional efforts are needed for this population.
Authors:
Kenneth P Tercyak; Maria T Britto; Kathleen M Hanna; Patricia J Hollen; Melissa M Hudson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review     Date:  2007-12-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric psychology     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0146-8693     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pediatr Psychol     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-01     Completed Date:  2008-04-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801773     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  119-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Cancer Control Program, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007-2401, USA. tercyakk@georgetown.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Biomedical Research / trends*
Child
Chronic Disease / epidemiology*
Female
Health Promotion*
Humans
Male
Prevalence
Public Health*
Risk-Taking
Tobacco Use Disorder / epidemiology*,  prevention & control*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
CA117417/CA/NCI NIH HHS; CA91831/CA/NCI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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