Document Detail


Prevention and screening efficacy messages in newspaper accounts of cancer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17289658     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The news media are a primary source of cancer prevention and detection information for the general public, but little is known about the content of cancer prevention and detection messages in mainstream media. This study examines how cancer prevention and screening efficacy messages are presented in cancer news media coverage. Efficacy messages provide information about skills related to prevention and screening behaviors. Analysis of cancer-related stories in 44 major US daily newspapers during 2003 (n = 2448) reveals that efficacy messages were rarely present in cancer stories. Efficacy messages were less likely to appear in stories that had a 'local' angle, but efficacy messages were more likely to appear in stories that contained 'mobilizing information' (additional resources for readers) or stories that mentioned highly preventable cancers (lung, skin, esophagus and bladder). The discussion includes a theory of norms for effectively influencing cancer-related behaviors through news reports. Implications of this work extend to the lack of efficacy messages when highly detectable cancers are mentioned, thus the lack of actionable information when health risks are presented, and a dearth of efficacy messages when localized information is present, each of which represent key areas for encouraging health journalists to include more efficacy statements.
Authors:
Cortney M Moriarty; Jo Ellen Stryker
Related Documents :
22980418 - Application of next-generation sequencing in clinical oncology to advance personalized ...
24070418 - Deletion of the olfactomedin 4 gene is associated with progression of human prostate ca...
24305708 - Where are we now? and where are we going? a report from the accelerate brain cancer cur...
19033748 - Concept analysis of symptom disclosure in the context of cancer.
18671998 - Inflammation, ageing and cancer.
9625838 - Time elapsing from cancer diagnosis and anxiety in women attending cancer genetic clinics.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2007-02-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health education research     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0268-1153     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Educ Res     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-27     Completed Date:  2008-07-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8608459     Medline TA:  Health Educ Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  487-98     Citation Subset:  T    
Affiliation:
Department of Speech Communication, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. cmoriart@uiuc.edu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Health Behavior
Health Education / methods*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Information Dissemination / methods*
Mass Screening / utilization
Neoplasms / diagnosis*,  prevention & control*
Newspapers*
Primary Prevention / methods
Self Efficacy
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
CA98437-01A1/CA/NCI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Dendritic cells partially abrogate the regulatory activity of CD4+CD25+ T cells present in the human...
Next Document:  Use of social network analysis to map the social relationships of staff and teachers at school.