Document Detail

Prevention of reperfusion injury of the ischemic spinal cord: use of recombinant superoxide dismutase.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3753076     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We investigated the effect of recombinant superoxide dismutase, an oxygen free radical scavenger, on the prevention of reperfusion injury of the ischemic spinal cord. Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) were obtained in 23 dogs. Spinal cord ischemia was produced by cross-clamping the descending thoracic aorta just distal to the origin of the left subclavian artery through a left thoracotomy. Mean proximal aortic blood pressure was maintained between 90 and 100 mm Hg by partial exsanguination. Serial SEPs were obtained at 60-second intervals until the SEP disappeared. Aortic cross-clamping was continued for 10 additional minutes after the disappearance of the SEP. In Group 1 (N = 8), no medication was given when the aortic cross-clamp was removed. In Group 2 (N = 8), a bolus of 25,000 units of superoxide dismutase was injected into the proximal aorta prior to removal of the aortic cross-clamp, and was followed by 5,000 units per minute for 10 minutes after release of the cross-clamp. In Group 3 (N = 7), 50,000 units of superoxide dismutase was administered as a bolus prior to removal of the aortic cross-clamp, followed by an additional 10,000 units per minute for 10 minutes as in Group 2. The postoperative neurological status was assessed by Tarlov's criteria. There was no significant difference in aortic cross-clamp time among the three groups. Paraplegia developed in 4 animals in Group 1; the remaining 4 dogs had paraparesis. In Group 2, paraparesis developed in 2 of 8 dogs; the other 6 had no neurological injury. All the animals in Group 3 had complete recovery.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
K H Lim; M Connolly; D Rose; F Siegman; I Jacobowitz; A Acinapura; J N Cunningham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0003-4975     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  1986 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-10-07     Completed Date:  1986-10-07     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  282-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Aorta, Thoracic
Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory / drug effects
Ischemia / complications*
Paraplegia / prevention & control*
Spinal Cord / blood supply*
Superoxide Dismutase / therapeutic use*
Reg. No./Substance:
EC Dismutase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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