Document Detail

Prevention potential of risk factors for childhood overweight.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21214049     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: In order to better target prevention initiatives for the obesity epidemic in Canada, policy-makers, in addition to information about risk factors, require an understanding of the preventive potential which is best provided by the risk factor's population attributable risk fraction (PARF).
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the PARF for childhood overweight risk factors as identified by a population-based study of elementary schoolchildren in Nova Scotia.
METHODS: Population-based survey data of Grade 5 students who participated in the 2003 Children's Lifestyle and School Performance Study in Nova Scotia, Canada, were linked to a provincial perinatal registry. PARFs were calculated from a parsimonious multilevel logistic regression model.
RESULTS: Physical activity, sedentary activity, maternal smoking during pregnancy, and maternal pre-pregnancy weight were considered potentially preventable. Sedentary activity (as estimated from time spent viewing TV, computers and video games or "screen time") and maternal pre-pregnancy weight appeared to offer the greatest potential for prevention. In total, approximately 40% of-overweight in childhood could potentially be prevented.
CONCLUSION: Excess screen time and maternal pre-pregnancy weight offer the greatest potential for prevention of childhood overweight at 11 years of age.
Stefan Kuhle; Alexander C Allen; Paul J Veugelers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de santé publique     Volume:  101     ISSN:  0008-4263     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Public Health     Publication Date:    2010 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-10     Completed Date:  2011-02-15     Revised Date:  2013-06-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372714     Medline TA:  Can J Public Health     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  365-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB.
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight
Motor Activity
Nova Scotia / epidemiology
Overweight / epidemiology,  etiology,  prevention & control*
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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