Document Detail


Prevention of the pathophysiologic effects of acceleration in humans: fundamentals and historic perspectives.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18238357     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The deleterious effects of high-G environments and their relevance to the development of anti-G suits are examined. The history of efforts to protect fighter pilots against these effects is recounted. The discussion covers the discovery of cerebral anoxic reserve time, the limited power and consequent restricted sustained G capabilities of propeller-driven fighter planes, the use of M-1-type positive respiratory pressure muscular straining maneuvers, the development of more effective anti-G suits after World War II, the pathophysiologic limitations of protection against G(z) acceleration by external garments, the development of a premonitory G-LOC (loss of consciousness) warning system based on real-time monitoring of arterial opacity pulses within the ear, development of a horizontal prone position couch with a fiber-optic, video-assisted omnidirectional pilot surveillance system, physiological and anatomical considerations, and practical aspects (bodily comfort, field of view, etc.) of a prone cockpit position for fighter pilots.
Authors:
E H Wood
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  IEEE engineering in medicine and biology magazine : the quarterly magazine of the Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0739-5175     ISO Abbreviation:  IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag     Publication Date:  1991  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8305985     Medline TA:  IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  26-36     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Mayo Found. Med. Sch., Rochester, MN.
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