Document Detail

Prevention of food aversions in cancer patients during treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8183719     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Food aversions are a common complication of cancer treatment. This study evaluated an approach for blocking the formation of aversions to dietary items in 209 cancer patients treated with chemo- and/or radiotherapy. Patients were exposed to a sensory stimulus (fruit beverage, halava, odor) before initial treatments to provide a target for aversion formation, thereby sparing dietary items. Patients who developed an aversion to the "scapegoat" stimulus experienced a statistically significant 30% reduction in dietary aversion formation relative to patients without a scapegoat aversion or those not exposed to the scapegoat. The most effective scapegoat was the beverage, probably because it was consumed in greatest quantity. Exposure of patients to a "scapegoat" food or beverage just before chemo- and, probably, radiotherapy can markedly reduce the incidence of treatment-related aversions to foods in the patients' customary diet.
R D Mattes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition and cancer     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0163-5581     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Cancer     Publication Date:  1994  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-06-14     Completed Date:  1994-06-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905040     Medline TA:  Nutr Cancer     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  13-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104-3308.
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MeSH Terms
Food Preferences / psychology*
Middle Aged
Neoplasms / drug therapy*,  psychology,  radiotherapy
Nutritional Status
Grant Support

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