Document Detail

[Prevention of decline in subjectively perceived physical function of the elderly by regular participation in a community-based exercise group].
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21301160     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a community-based group exercise program on physical functioning among elderly people.
METHODS: This prospective observational study enrolled 494 persons aged 70-84 years who volunteered for the study and completed a baseline measurement in 2006 and were re-evaluated 1 year later in 2007. The exercise regimen consisted of resistance training and recreational exercise for 1.5 hours conducted twice a month. Physical functioning was evaluated by a self-administered questionnaire consisting of the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology Index of Competence (TMIG-IC) and Motor Fitness Scale (MFS). Decline in physical functioning was defined as a reduction in either TMIG-IC or MFS scores of more than 2 points deviation from the median change of each score.
RESULTS: TMIG-IC and MFS results were obtained from 494 and 392 eligible subjects, respectively. After 1 year, 68 subjects (TMIG-IC) and 88 subjects (MFS) reported a decline in physical functioning. After adjustment for confounding factors, the odds ratio of reduced physical functioning, as assessed by the TMIG-IC among the subjects who did not participate in the exercise group and those who did, were 1.00 (control) and 0.15 (95% confidence interval, 0.01-0.75). Similar results were obtained when assessed on the MFS.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that participation in a community-based exercise group of elderly people was effective in maintaining self-reported physical function.
Tomomi Gotou; Kaijun Niu; Ryoichi Nagatomi
Publication Detail:
Type:  English Abstract; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nihon Ronen Igakkai zasshi. Japanese journal of geriatrics     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0300-9173     ISO Abbreviation:  Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-08     Completed Date:  2011-07-06     Revised Date:  2011-07-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507332     Medline TA:  Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  jpn     Pagination:  601-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Group Processes*
Personal Autonomy
Physical Fitness*

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