Document Detail

Prevention of cancer in IBD - A balancing act.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23867946     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
two major risk factors for the development of carcinogenesis in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). While the natural history of uncontrolled inflammation in the bowel may lead to a higher incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC), surveillance colonoscopy has resulted in earlier detection of dysplasia and cancer, prompting earlier surgical intervention and improved prognosis, while chemoprevention in the form of the anti-inflammatory 5-aminosalicylate acids and immunosuppression could potentially decrease the incidence of CRC. Numerous extra-intestinal cancers such as hepatobiliary and pancreatic malignancies, however, are also noted to be more prevalent in IBD patients particularly with co-existing primary sclerosing cholangitis. Somewhat ironically, however, the medications used to control the inflammation in IBD may also be responsible for the development of other cancers. The increased risk of lymphoma and skin cancers associated with immunosuppressive medication use may potentially be due to loss of immunosurveillance and in the case of lymphoma, the presence of oncogenic viruses (i.e., Epstein-Barr virus). Thus the challenge for both the treating physician and IBD patient is to balance the risk of any potential treatment against patient symptoms and the natural history of uncontrolled inflammation from their disease.
J Mill; I C Lawrance
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Minerva gastroenterologica e dietologica     Volume:  59     ISSN:  1121-421X     ISO Abbreviation:  Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109791     Medline TA:  Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  261-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Fremantle Hospital, WA, USA -
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