Document Detail


Prevention of asthma induced by cold air by cellulose-fabric face mask.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7677238     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We have tested the effect of a porous cellulose fabric face mask. Nine asthmatic patients, anamnestically sensitive to cold, took part in exercise tests on an ergometer bicycle at a temperature of approximately -10 degrees C, with and without a face mask. For comparison, exercise tests were also performed with breathing taking place through a woolen scarf. Three minutes after finishing the exercise test, there was an average fall in FEV1 of 32% in the group without a face mask. The corresponding fall in FEV1 was 6% with a face mask and 17% with a scarf. In order to get some idea of the patients' attitudes to the face mask, it was used by 25 asthma patients during a period of 2 weeks in winter, after which they were asked to answer a simple questionnaire. Eighty-eight percent of the patients stated that the face mask had provided satisfactory protection against asthma complaints induced by cold air, and 72% reported that they had been able to spend more time out-of-doors. The results show that porous cellulose fabric designed as a face mask offers effective protection against asthma complaints induced by cold air and exercise, and that the patients appear to appreciate this protective aid highly despite the cosmetic disadvantages.
Authors:
E Millqvist; B Bake; U Bengtsson; O Löwhagen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Allergy     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0105-4538     ISO Abbreviation:  Allergy     Publication Date:  1995 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-10-19     Completed Date:  1995-10-19     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7804028     Medline TA:  Allergy     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  221-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Asthma and Allergy Centre, University of Göteborg, Sahlgrenska Hospital, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Air*
Animals
Asthma, Exercise-Induced / prevention & control*,  psychology
Cellulose*
Cold Temperature / adverse effects*
Exercise Test
Female
Forced Expiratory Volume
Humans
Male
Masks
Middle Aged
Patient Satisfaction
Protective Clothing
Questionnaires
Respiratory Protective Devices*
Wool
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
9004-34-6/Cellulose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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