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Preventing childhood falls within the home: Overview of systematic reviews and a systematic review of primary studies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24080473     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In most countries falls are the most common medically attended childhood injury and the majority of injuries in pre-school children occur at home. Numerous systematic reviews have reviewed evidence of the effectiveness of falls prevention interventions, but this evidence has not been synthesised into an overview, making it difficult for policy makers and practitioners to easily access the evidence. To synthesise all available evidence, we conducted an overview of reviews of home safety interventions targeting childhood falls, extracted data from primary studies included in the reviews and supplemented this with a systematic review of primary studies published subsequent to the reviews. Bibliographic databases, websites, conference proceedings, journals and bibliographies of included studies were searched for systematic reviews of studies with experimental or controlled observational designs. Thirteen reviews were identified containing 24 primary studies. Searches for additional primary studies identified five further studies not included in reviews. Evidence of the effect of interventions on falls or fall injuries was sparse, with only one of three primary studies reporting this outcome finding a reduction in falls. Interventions were effective in promoting the use of safety gates and furniture corner covers. There was some evidence of a reduction in baby walker use. The effect on the use of window safety devices, non-slip bath mats/decals and the reduction of tripping hazards was mixed. There was limited evidence that interventions were effective in improving lighting in corridors, altering furniture layout and restricting access to roofs. Most interventions to prevent childhood falls at home have not been evaluated in terms of their effect on reducing falls. Policy makers and practitioners should promote use of safety gates and furniture covers and restriction of baby walker use. Further research evaluating the effect of interventions to reduce falls and falls-related injuries is urgently required.
Authors:
Ben Young; Persephone M Wynn; Zhimin He; Denise Kendrick
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-8-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  60C     ISSN:  1879-2057     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  158-171     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
University of Nottingham, Division of Primary Care, 13th Floor Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK. Electronic address: ben.young@nottingham.ac.uk.
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