Document Detail

Preventing intentional food contamination: a survey to assess restaurant preparedness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20520363     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
In the age of preparedness, public health agencies are concerned with intentional acts of food contamination in restaurants, in addition to food safety. Food safety consists of applying standard norms of practice and infrastructure, which, if violated, cause food-borne illness. In contrast, food defense requires an institutionalized mindset of informed alertness to unusual variations from the norms, combined with preemptive practices best suited to each restaurant. Therefore, while food safety lends itself to regulation to ensure standard practices, food defense is best served by advisory guidelines for autonomous application, preserving the restaurant industry's core values of hospitality and customer service. To address this challenge, public health agencies need survey tools that can yield action-relevant data on the knowledge and practice gaps in food defense preparedness and on educational messages and support services to be developed for maximum impact potential. This article presents a mail survey instrument, developed using qualitative research to ensure content and face validity. Instrument development involved drafting the survey on the basis of expert consultations, validating its content by using focus groups (representing all restaurant categories and geographic regions), and ensuring face validity through cognitive interviews. The resulting survey remains sensitive to the hospitality industry while encompassing all vulnerable points.
Sudha Xirasagar; C P Kanwat; Haiyan Qu; Lillian U Smith; Nathaniel J Patterson; Richard M Shewchuk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of public health management and practice : JPHMP     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1550-5022     ISO Abbreviation:  J Public Health Manag Pract     Publication Date:    2010 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9505213     Medline TA:  J Public Health Manag Pract     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E7-E17     Citation Subset:  T    
Department of Health Services Policy and Management, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA.
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Grant Support
1 U13 FD003615-01/FD/FDA HHS; U90TP416976-06/TP/COTPER CDC HHS

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