Document Detail

Prevalence and visual consequences of macular changes in a population aged 70 years and older.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7656134     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In a population based study on 500 persons aged 70 years and older, photographic and/or ophthalmoscopic evaluation of the macula at least in one eye was possible for 478 persons (96%). No macular pathology in either eye was observed in 46%, signs of age-related maculopathy in one eye or both eyes occurred in 41% and other pathology in 16%. Early age-related maculopathy was diagnosed in 32%, geographic atrophy in 4.4% and disciform degeneration in 3.8%. Geographic atrophy was most common in persons aged 90 years and older (36%), and the highest prevalence of disciform degeneration was found in the age group of 85-89 years (17%). Of the 155 eyes with low vision or blindness and visible fundus, early age-related maculopathy was found in 35%, geographic atrophy occurred in 14% and disciform degeneration in 14%. Age-related maculopathy was considered the main cause for low vision and blindness in 4.7% of the 468 persons in whom visual acuity and information on fundus could be obtained, and in 3.6% it was one of the causes, usually together with cataract. The other macular disorders caused 1.5% of low vision and blindness.
L Laatikainen; H Hirvelä
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta ophthalmologica Scandinavica     Volume:  73     ISSN:  1395-3907     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Ophthalmol Scand     Publication Date:  1995 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-10-03     Completed Date:  1995-10-03     Revised Date:  2008-03-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9507578     Medline TA:  Acta Ophthalmol Scand     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  105-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Oulu, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Finland / epidemiology
Fundus Oculi
Macula Lutea / pathology
Macular Degeneration / complications*,  diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Vision Disorders / etiology*
Visual Acuity

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