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Prevalence of viruses in stool of premature neonates at a neonatal intensive care unit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23432694     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: Premature neonates represent a population highly vulnerable to infection. This study aims to profile viral colonisation of gut and the associated clinical manifestations among premature neonates admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Australia. METHODS: In a cohort of 75 premature neonates born at less than 32 weeks gestation, who were followed for 4 weeks following admission to a NICU in Sydney, Australia, multiplex polymerase chain reaction assays were used to determine viral presence in stool, and clinical data were examined. RESULTS: Overall, viral RNA or DNA was detected in 24/419 (5.7%) of specimens, including norovirus genogroup 2 (1.9%), enterovirus (1.2%), herpes simplex virus-2 (1.2%), cytomegalovirus (0.7%), Epstein-Barr virus (0.5%) and rotavirus (0.2%). Viral infection was detected in 13/75 (17%) of premature neonates at some time point, including five (7%) neonates shedding more than one type of virus in stool. A higher rate of infection was observed among premature neonates with intrauterine growth restriction (56%) compared with those infants born appropriate for gestational age (12%. P = 0.006). CONCLUSION: The overall viral detection rate in stool of 5.7% (affecting 17% of neonates) indicates viral infections are an important health risk for premature infants in NICU.
Authors:
Zin Naing; Benjamin Rayner; Ananthen Killikulangara; Krishna Vunnam; Steven Leach; Christopher J McIver; Gillian M Scott; Maria E Craig; Kei Lui; William D Rawlinson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of paediatrics and child health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1440-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  J Paediatr Child Health     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005421     Medline TA:  J Paediatr Child Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2013 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).
Affiliation:
Virology, Department of Microbiology, South Eastern Area Laboratory Services, Prince of Wales Hospital.
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