Document Detail

Prevalence of violence against pregnant women in Abeokuta, Nigeria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18837847     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To determine the prevalence of violence to pregnant women within 12 months prior to and during the current pregnancy. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 534 pregnant women attending three secondary and one tertiary health facility in Abeokuta, Nigeria using semistructured interviewer-administered questionnaires. RESULTS: Prevalence of violence within 12 months prior to pregnancy was 14.2%. Polygamous union, low level of education in both woman and partner and consumption of alcohol by partners were significant (P < 0.05) risk factors of violence prior to pregnancy. Verbal abuse was the most common (66.2%) type of abuse. Others included flogging (10.8%), slaps (9.5%), threats of violence (6.8%) and forced sexual intercourse (2.7%). The perpetrators were often husbands (65.8%) and the parents (15.8%). Some 2.3% of pregnant women had experienced violence during current pregnancy. Low level of education was significantly (P < 0.05) associated with experiencing violence during pregnancy. Although almost 25% of the pregnancies were unplanned, this was not significantly associated with experiencing violence (P > 0.05). There were similarities in the perpetrators and forms of violence experienced before and during pregnancy, with partners being the most common perpetrators. CONCLUSION: Gender-based violence is common in our environment. Health-care providers should routinely screen for gender-based violence during antenatal visits in order to protect the health of both mother and child.
Adeniran Olubukola Fawole; Kehinde Isaac Hunyinbo; Olufunmilayo Ibitola Fawole
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Australian & New Zealand journal of obstetrics & gynaecology     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1479-828X     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-07     Completed Date:  2009-03-23     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0001027     Medline TA:  Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  405-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Battered Women / statistics & numerical data
Cross-Sectional Studies
Interviews as Topic
Nigeria / epidemiology
Pregnancy / statistics & numerical data*
Smoking / epidemiology
Spouse Abuse / statistics & numerical data*
Young Adult

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