Document Detail

Prevalence of usual-corrected distance visual acuity impairment in Hispanic and non-Hispanic children and adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11101023     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Data from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I were analysed to determine the prevalence of visual acuity impairment among US Hispanics and non-Hispanics aged 6-19 years. The prevalence of 20/30 or worse distance visual acuity with usual or habitual correction ranged from 10.8% in non-Hispanic whites to 19.1% in Puerto Ricans. Puerto Rican boys aged 13-19 years had significantly greater rates of moderate or greater impairment (20/70 or worse) than 6-12-year-old Puerto Rican boys (5.7% vs. 0.7%). The prevalence of visual impairment was generally greater in girls than in boys. Assessment and comparison of refractive error and eye disease prevalence rates are necessary in future studies to determine factors influencing prevalence of visual acuity impairment in children.
D J Lee; O Gómez-Marín; B L Lam; F Ma; N F Vilar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0269-5022     ISO Abbreviation:  Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2000 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-12     Completed Date:  2001-03-01     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709766     Medline TA:  Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  357-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University of Miami School of Medicine, FL 33101, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Hispanic Americans*
Sex Factors
Vision Disorders / epidemiology*,  ethnology
Visual Acuity*
Grant Support
1 R03 EY12145/EY/NEI NIH HHS

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