Document Detail


Prevalence of upper respiratory pathogens in four management models for unowned cats in the Southeast United States.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24923756     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Upper respiratory infection (URI) is a pervasive problem in cats and impacts the capacity and cost of sheltering programs. This study determined the pattern of respiratory pathogens in cats with and without clinical signs of URI in four different models for managing unowned cats, namely, (1) short-term animal shelters (STS), (2) long-term sanctuaries (LTS), (3) home-based foster care programs (FCP), and (4) trap-neuter-return programs for community cats (TNR). Conjunctival and oropharyngeal swabs from 543 cats, approximately half of which showed clinical signs of URI, were tested for feline herpes virus-1 (FHV), feline calicivirus (FCV), Chlamydia felis, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Mycoplasma felis, and canine influenza virus by real-time PCR. FHV (59%, 41%) and B. bronchiseptica (33%, 24%) were more prevalent in both clinically affected and nonclinical cats, respectively, in STS than other management models. FCV (67%, 51%) and M. felis (84%, 86%) were more prevalent in LTS than any other management model. Clinically affected cats in FCP were more likely to carry FHV (23%, 6%), C. felis (24%, 10%), or M. felis (58%, 38%) than were nonclinical cats. Clinically affected cats in TNR were more likely to carry FCV (55%, 36%) or C. felis (23%, 4%) than were nonclinical cats. The prevalence of individual pathogens varied between different management models, but the majority of the cats in each model carried one or more respiratory pathogens regardless of clinical signs. Both confined and free-roaming cats are at risk of developing infectious respiratory disease and their health should be protected by strategic vaccination, appropriate antibiotic therapy, effective biosecurity, feline stress mitigation, and alternatives to high-density confinement.
Authors:
C M McManus; J K Levy; L A Andersen; S P McGorray; C M Leutenegger; L K Gray; J Hilligas; S J Tucker
Related Documents :
24673256 - Analysis of the lymphocytopoiesis dynamics in nonirradiated and irradiated humans: a mo...
9210016 - Using distance matrices to choose between competing theories and an application to the ...
1213846 - Disengagement theory revisited.
20532356 - Accurate determination of the dielectric parameters of spherical shells in suspension.
19964946 - Automated nodule location and size estimation using a multi-scale laplacian of gaussian...
16120246 - Modeling spatial and temporal transmission of foot-and-mouth disease in france: identif...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2971     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. J.     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706281     Medline TA:  Vet J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Impact of tetrodotoxin application and lidocaine supplementation on equine jejunal smooth muscle con...
Next Document:  Red cell distribution width predicts mortality in infective endocarditis.