Document Detail

Prevalence of upper extremity symptoms and possible risk factors in workers handling paper currency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9800421     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The prevalence of upper extremity symptoms in the workforce is high, particularly in industries characterized by forceful, repetitive or awkward movements. A study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of upper extremity symptoms in bank workers in a paper currency processing operation and to examine the role of possible risk factors for these complaints. Thirty-nine workers of a total workforce of 47 were assessed with a questionnaire and physical examination. The questionnaire collected information about demographics, health status, symptom reporting, psychosocial work stressors and other work exposure characteristics. Overall, 59% of the workers reported having significant work-related upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms in the preceding year, including 49% with neck and shoulder symptoms and 49% with arm and wrist symptoms. In this study the key predictive factor for upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms was psychological job demands. The workers had similar ergonomic stressors (with little gradient of exposure) and therefore our results do not contradict the importance of ergonomic factors in the development of upper extremity symptoms. However, the results do suggest that within a group exposed to similar ergonomic stressors, psychological job demands may be an important factor associated with musculoskeletal symptoms.
D L Holness; D Beaton; R A House
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Occupational medicine (Oxford, England)     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0962-7480     ISO Abbreviation:  Occup Med (Lond)     Publication Date:  1998 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-11-12     Completed Date:  1998-11-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205857     Medline TA:  Occup Med (Lond)     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  231-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Health Status
Human Engineering
Musculoskeletal Diseases / epidemiology,  etiology*
Occupational Diseases / epidemiology,  etiology*
Ontario / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Stress, Psychological / epidemiology,  etiology

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