Document Detail


Prevalence of unassisted quit attempts in population-based studies: A systematic review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24333037     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: The idea that most smokers quit without formal assistance is widely accepted, however, few studies have been referenced as evidence. The purpose of this study is to systematically review the literature to determine what proportion of adult smokers report attempting to quit unassisted in population-based studies.
METHODS: A four stage strategy was used to conduct a search of the literature including searching 9 electronic databases (PUBMED, MEDLINE (OVID) (1948-), EMBASE (1947-), CINAHL, ISI Web of Science with conference proceedings, PsycINFO (1806-), Scopus, Conference Papers Index, and Digital Dissertations), the gray literature, online forums and hand searches.
RESULTS: A total of 26 population-based prevalence studies of unassisted quitting were identified, which presented data collected from 1986 through 2010, in 9 countries. Unassisted quit attempts ranged from a high of 95.3% in a study in Christchurch, New Zealand, between 1998 and 1999, to a low of 40.6% in a national Australian study conducted between 2008 and 2009. In 24 of the 26 studies reviewed, a majority of quit attempts were unassisted.
CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review demonstrates that a majority of quit attempts in population-based studies to date are unassisted. However, across and within countries over time, it appears that there is a trend toward lower prevalence of making quit attempts without reported assistance or intervention.
Authors:
Sarah A Edwards; Susan J Bondy; Russell C Callaghan; Robert E Mann
Related Documents :
15498167 - Outbreak of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, los santos, panama, 1999-2000.
16082487 - Phlebotomine sandflies in a focus of dermal leishmaniasis in the eastern region of the ...
24488287 - Retrospective study of childhood burkitts lymphoma in north eastern nigeria.
11787577 - Tularemia--oklahoma, 2000.
25493087 - Mandibular central mucoepidermoid carcinoma: a case report and review of the literature.
21282297 - Hypercalcemia in systemic lupus erythematosus.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-11-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Typology of alcohol users based on longitudinal patterns of drinking.
Next Document:  Web-based intervention to change perceived norms of college student alcohol use and sexual behavior ...