Document Detail


Prevalence of tobacco dependence and withdrawal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3812789     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In a sample of 1,006 middle-aged male smokers drawn from the general population, 90% (N = 905) fulfilled DSM-III criteria and 36% (N = 362) fulfilled Fagerstrom's criteria for tobacco dependence. Among the 875 who had stopped smoking in the past for at least 24 hours, 21% (N = 184) fulfilled DSM-III criteria and 46% (N = 403) fulfilled the authors' own criteria for tobacco withdrawal. Concordance of results among the criteria for diagnosing tobacco dependence and withdrawal was low. These results suggest that the DSM-III criteria for tobacco dependence are overinclusive and that there is little consensus among the definitions of tobacco dependence and withdrawal.
Authors:
J R Hughes; S W Gust; T F Pechacek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of psychiatry     Volume:  144     ISSN:  0002-953X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Psychiatry     Publication Date:  1987 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-03-05     Completed Date:  1987-03-05     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370512     Medline TA:  Am J Psychiatry     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  205-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Humans
Male
Manuals as Topic / standards
Middle Aged
Minnesota
Nicotine / adverse effects*
Smoking / prevention & control
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  psychology
Tobacco Use Disorder / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  psychology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA-02239/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; DA-02298/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; DA-03728/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
54-11-5/Nicotine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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