Document Detail


Prevalence of sensitization to Cupressus sempervirens: a 4-year retrospective study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11327403     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In the last few years Cupressus sempervirens has been identified as the cause of an increasing number of cases of late winter-early spring pollinosis in Mediterranean countries. We conducted a 4-year retrospective study of a large group of subjects with documented allergic respiratory disease in order to determine the prevalence, clinical significance and annual rate of sensitization to C. sempervirens pollen. Anamnestic data and skin prick tests (SPT) with common aeroallergens and C. sempervirens extract were collected from 1397 subjects (712 male and 685 female) resident in Latium, a region in central Italy, with complaints related to upper- or lower-respiratory-tract disorders or conjunctival disease. Two hundred and forty-three subjects (17.4%) showed positive results to C. sempervirens extract: 47 (19.3%) of them were monosensitized. The annual sensitization rate of SPT positivity to C. sempervirens varied from 7.2% in 1995 to 22% in 1998. All the subjects monosensitized to cypress pollen had symptoms from January through April. Our study suggests that sensitivity to C. sempervirens is responsible for respiratory symptoms in an increasing percentage of subjects. Further studies are needed to determine its frequency at the national level.
Authors:
G Papa; A Romano; D Quaratino; M Di Fonso; M Viola; M C Artesani; S Sernia; M Di Gioacchino; A Venuti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Science of the total environment     Volume:  270     ISSN:  0048-9697     ISO Abbreviation:  Sci. Total Environ.     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-04-30     Completed Date:  2001-05-31     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330500     Medline TA:  Sci Total Environ     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  83-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, UCSC-Allergy Unit, C.I. Columbus, Rome, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Allergens*
Asthma / epidemiology
Bronchial Hyperreactivity / epidemiology*
Child
Child, Preschool
Conjunctivitis, Allergic / epidemiology
Humans
Italy / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Pollen*
Prevalence
Retrospective Studies
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Allergens

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