Document Detail

Prevalence and risk factors for chronic kidney disease among HIV-infected antiretroviral therapy-naïve patients in mainland China: a multicenter cross-sectional study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23311442     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among HIV-infected antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve patients in Mainland China.
METHODS: In this multicenter cross-sectional study, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation. CKD was defined as GFRMDRD  < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) and/or isolated proteinuria (≥1 + on urine dipstick) that persisted at month 3 after the baseline assessment. Risk factors associated with CKD were examined using univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis.
RESULTS: In total, 538 HIV-infected ART-naïve patients were included in this study. There were 399 male and 139 female patients. The mean age was 36.5 ± 10.0 years. The prevalence of hypertension, glycometabolism abnormities, and CKD were 3.2%, 3.0%, and 16.1%, respectively. Thirteen (2.4%) patients had estimated GFR (eGFR) < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2), while 73 (13.7%) patients had proteinuria. Using univariate analysis, CKD was found to be significantly (P < 0.05) associated with age, hypertension, HCV co-infection, and plasma HIV-1 viral load ≥ 100 000 copies/mL. In the multivariate logistic regression model, older age (increased by an interval of 10 years; P = 0.002), HCV co-infection (P = 0.039), and plasma HIV-1 viral load ≥ 100 000 copies/mL (P = 0.011) were significantly associated with CKD.
CONCLUSION: The incidence of CKD is high in Chinese HIV-infected ART-naïve patients. Traditional risk factors for renal disease, such as advancing age, HCV co-infection, and higher plasma viral load were correlated with CKD in the present patient samples.
Ying Cao; Mengchun Gong; Yang Han; Jing Xie; Xuemei Li; Lixia Zhang; Yanling Li; Xiaojing Song; Ting Zhu; Taisheng Li
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephrology (Carlton, Vic.)     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1440-1797     ISO Abbreviation:  Nephrology (Carlton)     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-27     Completed Date:  2013-09-16     Revised Date:  2013-10-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9615568     Medline TA:  Nephrology (Carlton)     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  307-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 The Authors. Nephrology © 2013 Asian Pacific Society of Nephrology.
Department of Infectious Disease, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
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MeSH Terms
Chi-Square Distribution
China / epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Glomerular Filtration Rate
HIV Infections / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
HIV-1 / isolation & purification
Kidney / physiopathology
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio
Predictive Value of Tests
Proteinuria / epidemiology
Reagent Strips
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  physiopathology
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Urinalysis / instrumentation
Viral Load
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Reagent Strips

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