Document Detail


Prevalence of respiratory symptoms related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma among middle aged and older adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12421240     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in middle aged and older adults. METHODOLOGY: A random sample of 7,005 adults aged between 45 and 69 years was drawn from electoral rolls for Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. A postal survey was conducted using the European Community Respiratory Health Survey respiratory screening questionnaire with additional questions on chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Participants were asked to return the survey by reply mail. Non-responders were sent a reminder postcard after 2 weeks, a replacement questionnaire after 4 weeks and then contacted by telephone. RESULTS: Completed questionnaires were returned by 4,906 (70.0%) participants. The commonest symptoms were exertional dyspnoea (27.2%) and wheezing (20.5%). Chronic bronchitis was reported by 12.0% and emphysema by 1.2%. Males were significantly more likely to report cough and sputum, while females were more likely to report asthma. The prevalence of exertional dyspnoea, cough and sputum, emphysema and heart disease increased with age. Chronic bronchitis, emphysema and most respiratory symptoms were associated with smoking. CONCLUSIONS: Self-reported chronic bronchitis or emphysema affect one in eight middle aged and older adults. Differences between men and women are partly explained by differences in smoking. These findings require confirmation with lung function tests.
Authors:
Michael Abramson; Melanie Matheson; Cathryn Wharton; Malcolm Sim; E Haydn Walters
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respirology (Carlton, Vic.)     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1323-7799     ISO Abbreviation:  Respirology     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-07     Completed Date:  2003-03-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9616368     Medline TA:  Respirology     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  325-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Epidemiology & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, The Alfred, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Michael.Abramson@med.monash.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Asthma / epidemiology
Bronchitis / epidemiology
Chronic Disease
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Lung Diseases, Obstructive / epidemiology*
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / complications,  epidemiology*
Pulmonary Emphysema / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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