Document Detail


Prevalence of psychosocial disturbances in children with nonorganic visual loss.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15492739     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To report on the prevalence of psychiatric disease and psychosocial stress in children with nonorganic visual loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case series of 71 consecutive pediatric patients with a variety of nonorganic visual signs and symptoms. Chart review of ophthalmologic findings and details of medical and social history with main outcome measures of prevalence of psychiatric disease and psychosocial stress. RESULTS: Psychological/psychiatric disturbances in the form of anxiety, depression, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder had been previously diagnosed in 19 (26.7%) patients. We had a very high index of suspicion of psychiatric illness in another four patients. Furthermore, we uncovered significant home and school stress in 22 (31%) patients. Sixteen (22.5%) patients wanted glasses and in 10 (14.1%) patients no cause for the behavior could be determined. Of those patients who wanted glasses, girls outnumbered boys 3:1. CONCLUSIONS: An underlying psychiatric or psychosocial disturbance should be ruled out in children who present with nonorganic visual loss.
Authors:
Alexander Taich; Sue Crowe; Gregory S Kosmorsky; Elias I Traboulsi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus / American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1091-8531     ISO Abbreviation:  J AAPOS     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-19     Completed Date:  2004-12-06     Revised Date:  2006-04-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9710011     Medline TA:  J AAPOS     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  457-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Child
Child, Preschool
Depression / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Female
Humans
Male
Ohio / epidemiology
Prevalence
Vision Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Vision Tests
Visual Acuity

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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