Document Detail


Prevalence and prognostic significance of left ventricular reverse remodeling in dilated cardiomyopathy receiving tailored medical treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21435516     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and prognostic role of left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR) in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM).
BACKGROUND: Tailored medical therapy can lead to LVRR in IDCM. The prevalence and prognostic impact of LVRR remain unclear.
METHODS: We consecutively enrolled 361 IDCM patients. LVRR was defined as a left ventricular ejection fraction increase of ≥10 U or a left ventricular ejection fraction of ≥50% and a decrease in indexed left ventricular end-diastolic diameter of ≥10% or indexed left ventricular end-diastolic diameter of ≥33 mm/m(2) at 24 months (range 9 to 36 months). Follow-up echocardiographic data were available for 242 patients (67%), 34 (9%) died/underwent heart transplantation (HTx) before re-evaluation, and 85 (24%) did not have a complete re-evaluation. After re-evaluation, the surviving patients were followed for 110 ± 53 months; there were 55 deaths (23%) and 32 HTx (13%).
RESULTS: LVRR was found in 89 of 242 patients (37%). Baseline predictors of LVRR were higher systolic blood pressure (p = 0.047) and the absence of left bundle branch block (p = 0.009). When added to a prognostic baseline model including male sex, heart failure duration, New York Heart Association functional classes III to IV, LVEF, significant mitral regurgitation, and beta-blockers, LVRR, New York Heart Association functional classes III to IV, and significant mitral regurgitation after 24 months emerged as independent predictors of death/HTx and heart failure death/HTx. The model including follow-up variables showed additional prognostic power with respect to baseline model (for death/HTx, area under the curve: 0.80 vs. 0.70, respectively, p = 0.004). Furthermore, only LVRR was significantly associated with sudden death/major ventricular arrhythmia in the long-term.
CONCLUSIONS: LVRR characterized approximately one-third of IDCM patients surviving 2 years while receiving optimal medical therapy and allowed a more accurate long-term prognostic stratification of the disease.
Authors:
Marco Merlo; Stylianos A Pyxaras; Bruno Pinamonti; Giulia Barbati; Andrea Di Lenarda; Gianfranco Sinagra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  57     ISSN:  1558-3597     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1468-76     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Cardiovascular Department, "Ospedali Riuniti" and University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.
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