Document Detail


Prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension among adolescent high school girls in Tabriz, Iran.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20973466     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: There are few studies of the prevalence of elevated blood pressure that include Iranian adolescent girls. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the blood pressure status and its relationship with body mass index (BMI) in adolescent girls attending high school in Tabriz, Iran. METHODS: A sample of 985 girls was selected by stepwise random sampling from five districts of Tabriz. Blood pressure, weight, and height of the subjects were measured and BMI was calculated. Blood pressure measurements were categorized as normal, prehypertension, or hypertension using the 2004 Fourth Report blood pressure screening recommendations. Overweight and obesity were defined according to International BMI Cut Off Points for adolescents. RESULTS: The prevalence rates of of prehypertension and hypertension were 13.9% and 19.4%, respectively. Obesity and overweight were seen in 2.8% and 16.4% of subjects, respectively. The prevalence rates of hypertension and prehypertension increased with increasing BMI. CONCLUSIONS: Hypertension and prehypertension were highly prevalent in the studied adolescent girls. Obesity was associated with an increased risk of elevated blood pressure. Further studies are needed to identify other risk factors for high blood pressure in our studied population. Routine blood pressure measurements in adolescent girls of our community are suggested to prevent high blood pressure in adolescence and its complications in later life.
Authors:
Maryam Rafraf; Bahram Pourghassem Gargari; Abdolrasol Safaiyan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and nutrition bulletin     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0379-5721     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Nutr Bull     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906418     Medline TA:  Food Nutr Bull     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  461-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Nutritional Research Center, Faculty of Health and Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. rafrafm@tbzmed.ac.ir
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