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Prevalence of, and predictors of, bile acid malabsorption in outpatients with chronic diarrhea.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22765392     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background  Many physicians do not consider the diagnosis of bile acid malabsorption in patients with chronic diarrhea, or do not have access to testing. We examined yield of 23-seleno-25-homo-tauro-cholic acid (SeHCAT) scanning in chronic diarrhea patients, and attempted to identify predictors of a positive test. Methods  Consecutive patients with chronic diarrhea undergoing SeHCAT scan over a 7-year period were identified retrospectively. Bile acid malabsorption was defined as present at a retention of <15%. Medical records were reviewed to obtain information regarding proposed risk factors. Gastrointestinal symptoms were recorded, and patients were classified as having diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) if they reported abdominal pain or discomfort. Independent risk factors were assessed using multivariate logistic regression, and odds ratios (ORs) with 99% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Key Results  Of 373 patients, 190 (50.9%) had bile acid malabsorption. Previous cholecystectomy (OR 2.51; 99% CI 1.10-5.77), terminal ileal resection or right hemicolectomy for Crohn's disease (OR 12.4; 99% CI 2.42-63.8), and terminal ileal resection or right hemicolectomy for other reasons (OR 7.94; 99% CI 1.02-61.6) were associated with its presence. Seventy-seven patients had IBS-D, and 21 (27.3%) tested positive. There were 168 patients with no risk factors for a positive SeHCAT scan, other than chronic diarrhea, and 63 (37.5%) had bile acid malabsorption. Conclusions & Inferences  Bile acid malabsorption was present in 50% of patients undergoing SeHCAT scanning. Almost 40% of those without risk factors had evidence of bile acid malabsorption, and in those meeting criteria for IBS-D prevalence was almost 30%.
Authors:
D J Gracie; J S Kane; S Mumtaz; A F Scarsbrook; F U Chowdhury; A C Ford
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2982     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432572     Medline TA:  Neurogastroenterol Motil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Leeds Gastroenterology Institute, St. James's University Hospital, Leeds, UK Department of Nuclear Medicine, St. James's University Hospital, Leeds, UK Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine, Leeds University, Leeds, UK.
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