Document Detail


Prevalence and predictors of atopy among young Danish adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11972596     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of atopic diseases is increasing in western countries, and environmental exposures in childhood may influence development of atopic sensitization. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and predictors of atopy among young Danish adults. METHODS: Of 940 invited subjects, aged 19-29 years, complete data were obtained from 525 (56%) subjects. All completed a questionnaire concerning asthma, rhinitis, preschool nursery care, smoking habits, family size, education and employment. A skin prick test was performed, and pulmonary function was measured using standard techniques. Atopy was defined as a positive skin prick test. RESULTS: The frequency of atopy was 32% (males 43% vs. females 23%, P < 0.001). We found a positive association between atopy and atopic dermatitis (P < 0.05), rhinitis (P < 0.001), itching when eating nuts (P < 0.001) and current asthma (P < 0.001). There was an inverse relation between atopy and having furred pets in childhood (P < 0.05), passive smoking in childhood (P < 0.01) and current passive smoking (P < 0.05). An increasing number of siblings was inversely related to atopy to grass (P < 0.05); however, only an increasing number of older siblings seemed to protect from atopy to grass (P < 0.05). Subjects who had never attended a day-care centre had significantly more atopy to grass (P < 0.05). No significant association was found between atopy and airway infections requiring hospitalization before the age of 5 years, or between atopy and bedroom sharing in childhood. CONCLUSION: Atopy is common among young Danish adults, especially in males. Participants were less likely to be atopic, especially to grass allergen, if they came from large families, had kept furred pets as children, and had been exposed to tobacco smoke.
Authors:
M-L Von Linstow; C Porsbjerg; C S Ulrik; S Nepper-Christensen; V Backer
Related Documents :
10377206 - Remission of asthma in the middle aged and elderly: report from the obstructive lung di...
10390386 - Rhinovirus-16 colds in healthy and in asthmatic subjects: similar changes in upper and ...
11678856 - Prevalence of immunoglobulin e for fungi in atopic children.
12947996 - Nonspecific plasma proteins during sublingual immunotherapy.
4091506 - The third permanent molar eruption in kenyan africans and asians.
2768836 - Age-related mechanical properties of human skin: an in vivo study.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0954-7894     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Exp. Allergy     Publication Date:  2002 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-04-25     Completed Date:  2002-09-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8906443     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Allergy     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  520-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Respiratory Unit, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. linstow@dadlnet.dk
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Denmark / epidemiology
Family Characteristics
Female
Humans
Hypersensitivity, Immediate / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  etiology*
Male
Occupations
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Sex Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The effect of corona discharge on Der p 1.
Next Document:  Cultural adaptation is associated with atopy and wheezing among children of Turkish origin living in...