Document Detail


Prevalence, phenomenology, aetiology and predictors of challenging behaviour in Smith-Magenis syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21199049     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background  The prevalence, phenomenology aetiology and correlates of four forms of challenging behaviour in 32 children and adults with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) were investigated. Methods  Cognitive assessments, questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were used to gather data on intellectual disability, verbal and physical aggression, destructive behaviour and self-injury and on characteristics known to be associated with aggression. Results  Aggression in SMS was more prevalent (87%), but not more severe than aggression in contrast groups. Aggressive behaviour was more frequently associated with environmental contingencies (e.g. attention, escape and access to tangibles) than self-injury and destructive behaviours. Severity of challenging behaviours was associated with high impulsivity. Conclusion  Aggression is seen in the majority of people with SMS. Results suggest that behavioural disinhibition and operant social reinforcement are associated with the manifestation of aggression.
Authors:
J Sloneem; C Oliver; O Udwin; K A Woodcock
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-01-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of intellectual disability research : JIDR     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1365-2788     ISO Abbreviation:  J Intellect Disabil Res     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206090     Medline TA:  J Intellect Disabil Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  138-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Ealing NHS Trust, London, UK University of Birmingham, School of Psychology, Birmingham, UK West London Mental Health Trust, Southall, UK.
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