Document Detail


Prevalence and pattern of bacteria and intestinal parasites among food handlers in the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23293419     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, biological contaminants largely bacteria and other parasites constitute the major causes of food-borne diseases often transmitted through food, water, nails, and fingers contaminated with faeces. Accordingly, food-handlers with poor personal hygiene could be potential sources of infections by these micro-organisms.
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at determining the prevalence and pattern of bacteria and intestinal parasites among food handlers in the Federal Capital Territory.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a descriptive one in which a multistage sampling technique was employed to select 168 food handlers of various types. Subjects' stool, urine, and fingernail analyses were carried out and the result scientifically scrutinized.
RESULTS: FINGERNAIL BACTERIA ISOLATES INCLUDE: E. Coli (1.8%), coagulase-negative staphylococcus (17.9%), Staphylococcus aureus(7.1%), Klebsiella species (2.4%), Serratia species (1.2%), Citrobacter species (1.2%), and Enterococcus species (1.8%). The subjects' stool samples tested positive: For A. lumbricoides (14.9%), T. trichuria (1.8%), S. starcolaris (3.0%), E. histolytica (10.7%), G. lambilia (1.8%), S. mansoni (1.2%), and Taenia species (4.8%). Furthermore, 42.3% and 15.5% of the stool specimen tested positive for Salmonella and Shigella species, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Food establishments should screen and treat staff with active illness, and regularly train them on good personal and workplace hygiene practices.
Authors:
C O Ifeadike; O C Ironkwe; P O U Adogu; C C Nnebue; O F Emelumadu; S A Nwabueze; C F Ubajaka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nigerian medical journal : journal of the Nigeria Medical Association     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0300-1652     ISO Abbreviation:  Niger Med J     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-07     Completed Date:  2013-01-08     Revised Date:  2013-05-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0315137     Medline TA:  Niger Med J     Country:  Nigeria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  166-71     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University/ Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, PMB 5025 Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria.
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