Document Detail


Prevalence and pathogenesis of silent myocardial ischemia following myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7967005     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and pathogenesis of silent myocardial ischemia during exercise following myocardial infarction. Exercise-induced myocardial ischemia was assessed by 201Tl-SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography) 4.5 weeks after acute myocardial infarction in 229 patients. Exercise-induced myocardial ischemia occurred in 109 patients (48%), and 72 (32%) had silent ischemia. Although the prevalence of multivessel coronary artery disease was similar between patients with silent and symptomatic ischemia, the size of reversible myocardial ischemia was larger in patients with symptomatic ischemia than in those with silent ischemia (21.3 +/- 3.0% vs 13.2 +/- 1.9% of LV, p < 0.05). The incidence of reversible ischemia remote from the infarct area was higher in patients with symptomatic ischemia than in those with silent ischemia (30% vs 17%, p < 0.10). The cause of silent ischemia after myocardial infarction may be closely related to the smaller size of reversible myocardial ischemia. Ischemia remote from, or adjacent to, the infarct area could be a factor in determining the presence or absence of pain.
Authors:
S Koyanagi; M Aoki; H Tashiro; H Narabayashi; T Inou; A Takeshita; M Nakamura; M Noma; T Tajimi; Y Kikuchi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Japanese circulation journal     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0047-1828     ISO Abbreviation:  Jpn. Circ. J.     Publication Date:  1994 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-12-23     Completed Date:  1994-12-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806868     Medline TA:  Jpn Circ J     Country:  JAPAN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  635-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Research Institute of Angiocardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Coronary Angiography
Electrocardiography
Exercise Test
Female
Heart / radionuclide imaging
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / complications*
Myocardial Ischemia / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology*
Prevalence
Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon

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