Document Detail

Prevalence of parasitemia and associated immunodeficiency among HIV-malaria co-infected adult patients with highly active antiretroviral therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23339914     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the malaria parasitemia, CD4(+) cell counts and some haematological indices among HIV-malaria co-infected adult patients with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
METHODS: A total of 342 adult HIV positive subjects were recruited at the consultant outpatient HIV/AIDS clinic, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria between June 2011 to November 2011. Blood samples were taken for malaria parasite count, CD4(+) cell count and other haematological counts.
RESULTS: Out of the 342 adult HIV positive subjects a total of 254 patients (74.3%) were found to have malaria parasitemia. The incidence of malaria parasitemia increased with advancing clinical stage of HIV infection and this was statistically significant (P=0.002). There was no statistical significance when gender was compared with the HIV-malaria status (P >0.05). Of the 254 co-infected patients, 134 (52.8%) had high parasitemia (>1.25×10(9)/L). Sixty patients were found to be hyperparasitemic (>2.5 parasites/L). There was a significant association between CD4(+) cell count and having significant parasitemia (P < 0.000 1). About half (50.8%) of co-infected patients had CD4(+) cell count ⩽ 200/μL, and majority (44.9%) of this population also had significant parasitemia. Anaemia and thrombocytopenia were not significantly associated with HIV-malaria co-infection (P > 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of parasitemia is high among the HIV/AIDS infected patients.
Caroline E Omoti; Chiedozie K Ojide; Patrick V Lofor; Emeka Eze; Joy C Eze
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1995-7645     ISO Abbreviation:  Asian Pac J Trop Med     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101533720     Medline TA:  Asian Pac J Trop Med     Country:  Singapore    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  126-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Hainan Medical College. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. Electronic address:
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