Document Detail


Prevalence of obstructive airflow limitation in Irish collegiate athletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12647909     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Asthma prevalence in athletes is variable, depending on the sport and training conditions. AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of obstructive airflow limitation, asthma control and lung volume differences in a control group and five groups of collegiate athletes--outdoor field, indoor court, endurance, combat sports and swimming. METHODS: Three hundred and five athletes completed a respiratory questionnaire and performed spirometry during normal training conditions, to determine FEV1, FVC and PEFR pre- and at 5, 10 and 15 minutes post-exercise. Between and within group analysis was carried out using single factor and repeated measures ANOVA. RESULTS: Previous diagnosis of asthma was reported by 24%, outdoor field sports 4.9%, indoor court sports 2.3%, endurance events 2.6%, combat sports 3%, swimming 6.9% and controls 4.3%. Mean FEV1 and FVC data, expressed as percentage of predicted, were greatest in swimming and lowest in controls. Swimming showed a significant rise in FEV1 post-exercise, indoor court and endurance sports demonstrated no change and outdoor field, combat and control groups showed a fall in FEV1 post-exercise. CONCLUSION: Warm humid training conditions appear protective against exercise-induced asthma. The greatest reductions in lung volumes occurred following high intensity exercise under cool conditions in the poorly aerobically conditioned.
Authors:
E Smith; N Mahony; B Donne; M O'Brien
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Irish journal of medical science     Volume:  171     ISSN:  0021-1265     ISO Abbreviation:  Ir J Med Sci     Publication Date:    2002 Oct-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-21     Completed Date:  2003-04-17     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806864     Medline TA:  Ir J Med Sci     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  202-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Human Performance Laboratory, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Asthma, Exercise-Induced / epidemiology*
Female
Forced Expiratory Volume
Humans
Ireland / epidemiology
Male
Prevalence
Spirometry
Sports*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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