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Prevalence of obesity and overweight in urban adult Nigerians.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20880100     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Obesity is increasingly a major health problem in parts of the developing world. It has reached epidemic proportions among Africans living in the Western Hemisphere; similar potential may exist in urban Africa. We explored this possibility in an urban setting in Nigeria, Africa's most populous nation. A screening survey was carried out among randomly selected 998 civil servants, 581 men and 417 women, in Ibadan, a major Nigerian city. Biographical data were collected using standardized questionnaires, and measurements of anthropometric indices, blood pressures and plasma glucose concentration. Obesity and overweight were defined by body mass index based on international criteria. Prevalence of obesity was 8.82% (confidence interval [CI] = 7.13%, 10.75%), overweight 17.45% (CI = 15.12%, 19.95%), and overweight plus obesity = 26.18% (CI = 23.47%, 29.03%). Prevalence of obesity among the women was 17.27% (CI = 13.76%, 21.24%) and for men 2.75% (CI = 1.58%, 4.43%). Among the women 42% were obese or overweight compared with 15% of the male population. Obesity and overweight were associated with higher socioeconomic status. Prevalence of obesity and overweight in the study population is comparable to rates seen in many industrialized countries, and rapidly emerging urbanized populations in Africa.
Authors:
S T Olatunbosun; J S Kaufman; A F Bella
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1467-789X     ISO Abbreviation:  Obes Rev     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100897395     Medline TA:  Obes Rev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  233-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 The Authors. obesity reviews © 2010 International Association for the Study of Obesity.
Affiliation:
Endocrinology Department, Wilford Hall Medical Center/SAMMC, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Lackland AFB, Texas, USA Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.
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