Document Detail

Prevalence and nature of dentoalveolar injuries among patients with maxillofacial fractures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23033815     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Although not previously reported, experience suggests that dentoalveolar injury is -common among patients with maxillofacial fractures. The objective of this study was to evaluate and describe the prevalence and nature of dentoalveolar injuries in patients identified with maxillofacial fractures.
METHODS: Medical records of 43 dogs and cats diagnosed with maxillofacial fractures between 2005 and 2012 were reviewed to identify patients with concurrent dentoalveolar injury. Medical records of patients with dentoalveolar injury were abstracted for the following information: signalment (including sex, age and skull type), mechanism of maxillofacial trauma, location and number of maxillofacial fractures, dentoalveolar injury type and location and the number of dentoalveolar injury per patient. Statistical evaluation was performed to determine associations between signalment, mechanism of trauma, location and number of maxillofacial fractures and the prevalence and nature of concurrent dentoalveolar injury.
RESULTS: Dentoalveolar injuries are common among patients with maxillofacial trauma. Age and mechanism of trauma are significant predictors of the presence of dentoalveolar injuries in patients with maxillofacial trauma.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The findings of this study serve to encourage veterinarians to fully assess the oral cavity in patients with maxillofacial fractures as dentoalveolar injuries are common and can be predicted by age and mechanism of trauma.
J W Soukup; B L Mulherin; C J Snyder
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-10-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of small animal practice     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1748-5827     ISO Abbreviation:  J Small Anim Pract     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-02     Completed Date:  2013-02-13     Revised Date:  2014-03-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0165053     Medline TA:  J Small Anim Pract     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  9-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 British Small Animal Veterinary Association.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Alveolar Process / injuries*
Cats / injuries*
Dogs / injuries*
Maxillary Fractures / epidemiology,  etiology,  veterinary
Maxillofacial Injuries / epidemiology,  etiology,  veterinary*
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Tooth Fractures / epidemiology,  etiology,  veterinary
Tooth Injuries / epidemiology,  etiology,  veterinary*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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