Document Detail

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Saudi adult soldiers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16155648     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Saudi male soldiers aged 20 years and above using the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III). METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey involving a group of 2250 Saudi male soldiers aged 20-60 years residing in a military city in Northern Saudi Arabia in 2004. Participants were recruited from a primary care setting. Anthropometric data together with a brief medical history were obtained from the subjects at initial contact. Laboratory investigations were performed on the following day after fasting for 12 hours. Data on all variables required to define the metabolic syndrome according to NCEP ATP III criteria were available only for 1079 subjects who attended the laboratory for investigations (response rate: 47.9%). Data obtained from these subjects were analyzed excluding the non-respondents from the study sample. RESULTS: The age-adjusted prevalence of metabolic syndrome was found to be 20.8%. Abdominal obesity was the most common component in the study population (33.1%) closely followed by raised serum triglycerides (32.2%) and elevated systolic blood pressure (29.5%). Over two-thirds of the subjects (71%) exhibited at least one criterion for metabolic syndrome. Prevalence of individual factors and mean values of the components of the syndrome showed a steady increase with increase in age and body fat. CONCLUSION: The estimated prevalence conforms to the rates found in other studies performed in the Middle East and elsewhere. High rates of this syndrome predict an increased burden of cardiovascular disease and diabetes among Saudis over the next few years and call for effective healthcare planning to contain this epidemic.
Dhafer A Al-Qahtani; Mohammed L Imtiaz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Saudi medical journal     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0379-5284     ISO Abbreviation:  Saudi Med J     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-12     Completed Date:  2007-09-19     Revised Date:  2008-06-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909441     Medline TA:  Saudi Med J     Country:  Saudi Arabia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1360-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Primary Care and Emergency Medicine, Northern Area Armed Forces Hospital, King Khalid Military City, Post Box 10018, Hafr Al-Batin 31991, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Analysis of Variance
Blood Glucose / analysis
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diabetes Mellitus / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Hypercholesterolemia / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Hypertension / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Metabolic Syndrome X / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*
Middle Aged
Military Personnel / statistics & numerical data*
Obesity / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Risk Factors
Saudi Arabia / epidemiology
Severity of Illness Index
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose

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