Document Detail


Prevalence of mastitis pathogens in Ragusa, Sicily, from 2000 to 2006.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18024774     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this study was to report the prevalence of intramammary infections (IMI) in Ragusa, Sicily, from milk samples (n = 18,711) collected between October 2000 and June 2006 from 101 dairy herds. Milk samples were collected at 9,747 cow sampling events from 5,285 individual cows. Samples were individual quarter (92.8%) or composite samples (7.2%) from an individual cow. Logistic regression was used to examine the prevalence of IMI at the level of milk sample and at the level of cow, controlling for year and season of collection, type of sample (individual quarter or composite), and type of housing and bedding of the cow at the time of collection. Bedding and housing types were as follows, respectively (number of herd groups): bedding: none (61), organic [51 (straw, 50; sawdust, 1)], and sand (3); housing: bedded pack (37), free stalls (57), tie stalls (4), and paddock (17). Raw prevalence of cow IMI for a sample event was as follows (percentage of cow samples): no growth, 47.4%; coagulase-negative staphylococci, 22.6%; Staphylococcus aureus, 20.6%; other Streptococcus spp., 11.1%; Streptococcus agalactiae, 2.3%; coliform bacteria, 2.9%; and other organisms, 5.8%. Prevalence of IMI differed by bedding type for Staph. aureus (none, 24.5%; organic, 12.7%; sand, 12.3%) and coagulase-negative staphylococci (none, 13.1%; organic, 27.4%; sand, 26.9%) but not for Streptococcus spp. or coliform bacteria. Prevalence of Streptococcus spp. IMI differed by housing type (tie stalls, 22.2%; bedded pack, 12.8%; free stalls, 8.4%; paddock, 7.1%). Housing was not associated with the prevalence of IMI for other bacteria. Herd monthly prevalence of Staph. aureus and Streptococcus spp. IMI was associated with decreased mean milk production (Staph. aureus, -1.42 kg/d per cow, SEM 0.51; Streptococcus spp., -1.31 kg/d per cow, SEM 0.64) and increased mean linear score (Staph. aureus, 1.01 units/d per cow, SEM 0.16; Streptococcus spp., 0.59 units/d per cow, SEM 0.22). Herds (n = 11) with a mean linear score (MLS) less than 3.3 units had the lowest prevalence of Staph. aureus IMI and monthly MLS and the greatest monthly mean milk production compared with other herds grouped by MLS [MLS 3.31 to 3.99 (n = 20), MLS 4.00 to 4.46 (n = 20), MLS >4.46 (n = 17), and MLS not available (n = 33)]. Implementation of a milk quality program to control gram-positive organisms is important for Ragusa.
Authors:
J D Ferguson; G Azzaro; M Gambina; G Licitra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-20     Completed Date:  2007-12-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5798-813     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine, Kennett Square 19348, USA. Ferguson@vet.upenn.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Bedding and Linens / microbiology*
Cattle
Female
Floors and Floorcoverings
Housing, Animal
Italy
Logistic Models
Mammary Glands, Animal / microbiology
Mastitis, Bovine / epidemiology*,  microbiology*
Milk / microbiology
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Species Specificity
Staphylococcal Infections / epidemiology,  microbiology,  veterinary*
Staphylococcus aureus / isolation & purification
Streptococcal Infections / epidemiology,  microbiology,  veterinary*
Streptococcus / isolation & purification

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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