Document Detail

Prevalence and long-term significance of exercise-induced frequent or repetitive ventricular ectopic beats in apparently healthy volunteers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2479667     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Frequent or repetitive exercise-induced ventricular ectopic beats are often considered a marker for serious cardiac disease or sudden death, or both. However, the prognostic value of these arrhythmias in an unreferred asymptomatic community-dwelling population over a broad age range is unknown. Of 1,160 subjects aged 21 to 96 years who underwent maximal exercise treadmill testing an average of 2.4 times, 80 (6.9%) developed frequent (greater than or equal to 10% of beats in any 1 min) or repetitive (greater than or equal to 3 beats in a row) ventricular ectopic beats on at least one test. These 80 individuals were significantly older than the group without such arrhythmia (63.8 +/- 12.5 versus 50.0 +/- 16.1 years, p less than 0.0001). A striking age-related increase in the prevalence of frequent or repetitive exercise-induced ventricular ectopic beats was seen in men (p less than 0.0001) but not in women. The prevalence of electrocardiographic abnormalities at rest, exercise-induced ST segment depression and thallium perfusion defects, duration of treadmill exercise, maximal heart rate, systolic blood pressure and rate-pressure product did not differ between these 80 study subjects with frequent exercise-induced ventricular ectopic beats and a control group matched for age and gender. Furthermore, the incidence of cardiac events (angina pectoris, nonfatal myocardial infarction, cardiac syncope or cardiac death) (10% versus 12.5%) as well as noncardiac mortality (each 7.5%) was found to be similar for the study and control groups, respectively, over a mean follow-up period of 5.6 years. No study subjects required antiarrhythmic drugs over this time interval.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
M J Busby; E A Shefrin; J L Fleg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1989 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-01-10     Completed Date:  1990-01-10     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1659-65     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Gerontology Research Center, National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, Maryland.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Aged, 80 and over
Cardiac Complexes, Premature / etiology*
Coronary Disease / physiopathology
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Aged
Physical Exertion*
Grant Support

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