Document Detail

Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infestation in HIV seropositive and seronegative patients in Ilorin, Nigeria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20710101     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, severity and pattern of intestinal parasitic infestation in HIV-seropositive patients. METHODS: A Cross-sectional study from January 2007 to December 2008.Patients were recruited from the HIV clinics of the hospital. Paired blood and single stool specimens were collected from each patient. The stool sample was investigated for intestinal parasites while the blood sample was tested for antibodies to HIV-1 and 2. HIV-seropositive subjects also had CD4 + cells count done. RESULT: Ninety each of stool and blood samples were collected from HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative patients. Four species each of helminthes and protozoan parasites and three species of coccidian parasites were isolated from the stool of both HIV-seropositive and seronegative subjects. The prevalence of these parasites was two and a halve times higher among the HIV seropositive patients than the seronegative ones. The range of CD4 cells count was 20-680 cells/microl with a median of 259 cells/microl. Patients with CD4+ count <200/microl had more coccidian parasites in their stool and also had higher prevalence of intestinal polyparasitism ranging from 2 to 4 different species per stool sample. CONCLUSION: The frequency of both AIDS defining and non- AIDS defining intestinal parasitic infestation was higher among the HIV infected patients. Patients' CD4+ cells count was an important determinant of the rate and number of parasitic infestation.
S K Babatunde; A K Salami; J P Fabiyi; O O Agbede; O O Desalu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of African medicine     Volume:  9     ISSN:  0975-5764     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Afr Med     Publication Date:    2010 Jul-Sep
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-16     Completed Date:  2010-09-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101231417     Medline TA:  Ann Afr Med     Country:  Nigeria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  123-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicale Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / epidemiology*,  immunology,  parasitology
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Coccidia / isolation & purification
Cross-Sectional Studies
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Feces / parasitology
HIV Infections / complications,  epidemiology,  immunology,  parasitology*
HIV Seronegativity*
HIV Seropositivity*
HIV-1 / immunology
Helminths / isolation & purification
Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  parasitology*
Middle Aged
Nigeria / epidemiology
Young Adult

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