Document Detail

Prevalence and incidence of bovine trypanosomosis in an agro-pastoral area of southwestern Burkina Faso.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20044115     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence and incidence of trypanosomosis and to investigate some factors influencing them in an agro-pastoral area of southwestern Burkina Faso. A total of 363 crossbred cattle (Baoule-zebu peul), which were bred under natural trypanosomosis challenge, were monitored monthly for parasitaemia, packed cell volume (PCV) and serological analyses over 2years. The parasitological prevalence estimated at the beginning of the survey using the buffy coat technique (BCT) was 7.54%. As much as 66.7% of all trypanosome infections were due to Trypanosoma vivax, 23.8% due to Trypanosoma congolense and 9.5% due to T. vivax/T. congolense mixed infections. The monthly serological incidence varied from 0.29% to 19.29%. The season was the most important factor influencing the serological prevalence and incidence and the animal PCV. The dry hot season is associated with increasing seroprevalences and incidences and consequently a decreasing average of PCV. In addition, an important spatial heterogeneity was observed.
Guiguigbaza-Kossigan Dayo; Zakaria Bengaly; Samir Messad; Bruno Bucheton; Issa Sidibe; Bila Cene; Gérard Cuny; Sophie Thevenon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-12-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research in veterinary science     Volume:  88     ISSN:  1532-2661     ISO Abbreviation:  Res. Vet. Sci.     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-29     Completed Date:  2010-08-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401300     Medline TA:  Res Vet Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  470-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
IRD, UMR Trypanosomes, TA A-17/A Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France.
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MeSH Terms
Antibodies, Protozoan / analysis
Burkina Faso / epidemiology
Cattle Diseases / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  parasitology,  prevention & control
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / methods
Trypanosoma congolense
Trypanosoma vivax
Trypanosomiasis, Bovine / chemically induced,  epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Protozoan

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