Document Detail

Prevalence of hypertension in rural west Africa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7977445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The prevalence of hypertension in rural African communities has been reported previously to be relatively low, with prevalence rates ranging between 2.5% and 10.9%. The authors obtained blood pressure recordings in 3,588 adult residents (age > 20 years) of the Liberian Agricultural Company rubber plantation, located in rural Liberia, West Africa. Blood pressures were obtained using automated digital blood pressure machines in a house-to-house survey. Individuals with a systolic blood pressure greater than 139 mm Hg or a diastolic blood pressure greater than 89 mm Hg were referred to a central site, where three subsequent blood pressure determinations were made, the mean of which was used to determine whether people were hypertensive. The overall prevalence of hypertension (blood pressure > 139/89 mm Hg) was 12.5%. Hypertension was most common in the older women (prevalence 5.7% in women age 20-24 years old, 50% in women older than 55). Using more stringent criteria for hypertension, systolic blood pressure greater than 159 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure greater than 94 mm Hg, 20% of women between 50-54 had hypertension and 26% of the women older than 55 had hypertension. In some ethnic groups, the prevalence of hypertension was as high as 25%. Based on these results, the prevalence of hypertension in some rural African communities may be higher than reported previously, particularly in older women and among certain ethnic groups, possibly suggesting a strong hereditary component.
W H Giles; M Pacqué; B M Greene; H R Taylor; B Muñoz; M Cutler; J Douglas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of the medical sciences     Volume:  308     ISSN:  0002-9629     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Med. Sci.     Publication Date:  1994 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-12-02     Completed Date:  1994-12-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370506     Medline TA:  Am J Med Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  271-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Division of Geographic Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Blood Pressure*
Ethnic Groups
Health Surveys
Hypertension / epidemiology*,  physiopathology
Liberia / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Rural Health
Rural Population / statistics & numerical data*
Sex Characteristics
Grant Support
NL-2091//PHS HHS; NL-2098//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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