Document Detail


Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection in a Baltimore acute care hospital.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8412538     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) national Sentinel Hospital Surveillance System for HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) Infection, we conducted unlinked (anonymous) testing of a systematically selected sample of blood specimens for HIV-1 antibodies to assess the HIV-1 infection level in an urban hospital's catchment population. We excluded specimens from patients with admitting diagnoses often associated with HIV infection. Of the 5,350 specimens tested between April 1988 and October 1989, 106 (2%) were HIV-1 seropositive. HIV-1 seroprevalence in female patients was 1%, and in male patients, 3%. Those 25-44 years of age showed the highest seroprevalence (3.7% in all patients: 6.6% in male patients, 1.1% in female patients). These results demonstrate a high HIV-1 infection level in this patient population and suggest Baltimore hospitals should evaluate the impact and costs of developing routine HIV counseling and testing programs for their patients.
Authors:
C J Zuckerman; C F Masters
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Maryland medical journal (Baltimore, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0886-0572     ISO Abbreviation:  Md Med J     Publication Date:  1993 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-11-23     Completed Date:  1993-11-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506985     Medline TA:  Md Med J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  765-9     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
Affiliation:
Division of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Baltimore City Health Department.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
AIDS Serodiagnosis
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Baltimore
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
HIV Infections / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
HIV Seroprevalence / trends*
HIV-1*
Hospitals, Urban / statistics & numerical data
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Urban Health / trends*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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