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Prevalence of hoarseness in the cleft palate population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21242551     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of hoarseness in the cleft palate population.
DESIGN: Retrospective chart review from a tertiary pediatric hospital's craniofacial clinic.
PATIENTS: Nonsyndromic patients with cleft palate who had undergone cleft palate repair were eligible for inclusion. Patients were excluded if they had previously undergone a tracheostomy or if they had significant hearing loss. A total of 487 patients met the inclusion criteria.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Medical records were reviewed for demographic data, presence of hoarseness, velopharyngeal insufficiency, symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease, and laryngoscopic findings.
RESULTS: Of the 487 patients, 27 (5.5%) had complaints of hoarseness: 13 boys and 14 girls. The average age at initial complaint was 4.6 years, with slight differences according to sex: 4.2 years for boys and 5.0 years for girls. Of those with hoarseness, 19 (70%) had velopharyngeal insufficiency, and 8 (30%) had concomitant symptoms of possible gastroesophageal reflux disease. Eleven patients underwent either direct or flexible laryngoscopy: 9 (33%) had vocal fold nodules, and 2 (7%) had edema and/or mucosal thickening of the vocal folds.
CONCLUSIONS: The 5.5% prevalence of hoarseness in this study is similar to the reported prevalence of 6% to 34% in the normal pediatric population. These results suggest that there is no difference in the cleft palate population and that hoarseness is either underrecognized and/or underreported. More studies are needed to fully elucidate the true prevalence of hoarseness in the cleft palate population and any correlation of hoarseness with velopharyngeal insufficiency and/or gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Jacob G Robison; Todd D Otteson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery     Volume:  137     ISSN:  1538-361X     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8603209     Medline TA:  Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  74-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 4401 Penn Ave, Seventh Floor, Faculty Pavilion, Pittsburgh, PA 15224.
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