Document Detail


Prevalence of filariasis in symptomatic patients in Moyen Chari district, south of Chad.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17716512     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Filarial parasites infect an estimated 140 million people worldwide. Wuchereria bancrofti, Onchocerca volvulus, Loa loa and Mansonella perstans are responsible for most filarial infections in sub-Saharan Africa. We describe the prevalence and the clinical characteristics of filariasis in symptomatic patients in Goundi Sanitary district:167 patients were enrolled (99 men, 68 women). M. perstans microfilariae were isolated in peripheral blood in 164 cases, while Loa loa and Wuchereria bancrofti filariasis were diagnosed in only six and three cases, respectively. The most frequent filariasis observed in our study were due to M. perstans and L. loa, while the few cases of W. bancrofti filariasis seem to have been acquired abroad. No cases of O. volvulus were observed. Microfilarial burden was not related to symptoms, but a correlation between eosinophilia and pruritus was evident. No relationship was observed between eosinophils and symptoms. The prevalence observed in symptomatic patients could reflect the real prevalence of filariasis.
Authors:
Enrico Rino Bregani; Laura Balzarini; Narassem Mbaïdoum; Angelo Rovellini
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical doctor     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0049-4755     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop Doct     Publication Date:  2007 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-24     Completed Date:  2007-10-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1301706     Medline TA:  Trop Doct     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  175-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Emergency Medicine Division, Ospedale Maggiore IRCCS, Milan, Italy. rino_bregani@yahoo.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Animals
Chad / epidemiology
Child
Female
Filariasis* / epidemiology,  parasitology,  physiopathology
Humans
Loa / isolation & purification*
Loiasis / epidemiology,  parasitology,  physiopathology
Male
Mansonella / isolation & purification*
Mansonelliasis / epidemiology,  parasitology,  physiopathology
Middle Aged
Prevalence

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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