Document Detail


Prevalence of dyslipidemia in patients with type 2 diabetes in Jordan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18946566     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and patterns of dyslipidemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and to estimate the effects of sociodemographic and clinical variables on dyslipidemia. METHODS: The setting took place in The National Center for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Genetics (NCDEG) at the University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan. The NCDEG is the only referral center in the country; therefore, the patients represent the population in different parts of the country. A cross-sectional design was used. A total of 702 patients with DM from the NCDEG aged > or =20 years were consecutively enrolled between June 2005 and July 2006. Medical record abstraction of sociodemographic, clinical, and laboratory data was performed. RESULTS: The frequency of hypercholesterolemia was 77.2%, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) was 83.9%, high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) was 91.5%, and hypertriglyceridemia was 83.1%. Females had greater abnormalities in lipid profiles. High LDL-cholesterol was the most common dyslipidemia in combination (91.5%) and in isolation (12.8%). Gender and hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) predicted high total cholesterol; age and hypothyroidism predicted low HDL-cholesterol, gender predicted high LDL-cholesterol; and use of beta-blockers predicted high triglycerides. CONCLUSION: Over 90% of patients with type 2 DM had one or more types of dyslipidemia. The most common dyslipidemia in our study was high LDL-cholesterol and high triglycerides as reported in the literature. We recommend aggressive drug management, education, counseling, and behavioral interventions.
Authors:
Nazik M Abdel-Aal; Azmi T Ahmad; Erika S Froelicher; Anwar Ms Batieha; Musdaq M Hamza; Kamel M Ajlouni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Saudi medical journal     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0379-5284     ISO Abbreviation:  Saudi Med J     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-23     Completed Date:  2009-01-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909441     Medline TA:  Saudi Med J     Country:  Saudi Arabia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1423-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National Center for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Genetics, Jordan University, Amman, Jordan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cholesterol, HDL / blood
Cholesterol, LDL / blood
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology*
Female
Humans
Hypercholesterolemia / epidemiology*
Hypertriglyceridemia / epidemiology*
Jordan / epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Sex Distribution
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cholesterol, HDL; 0/Cholesterol, LDL

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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