Document Detail


Prevalence of drug use in pregnant West Virginia patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21932753     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Substance abuse in pregnancy is of serious concern to society as well as health care providers caring for pregnant women and their infants. Various studies have suggested a prevalence of 10 -20%. This study used anonymous sampling of umbilical cord tissue to estimate the prevalence of substance abuse in West Virginia.
METHODS: For the period of August 2009, as many umbilical cord samples as possible were collected at 8 regionally diverse hospitals in West Virginia. The cord tissue samples were then assayed for amphetamines, cocaine, opiates, marijuana, benzodiazapines, methadone, buprenorphine and alcohol.
RESULTS: 146 of 759 collected (19.2%) were positive for drugs or alcohol. The regional diversity in drug and alcohol consumption was striking, as was the absence of cocaine, methamphetamine and buprenorphine. Voluntary reporting on birth certificates and other maternal questionnaires underestimated the prevalence by 2-3 fold.
CONCLUSION: One in five infants born in West Virginia has a significant drug exposure that is not captured by conventional reporting instruments. It is hard to estimate the societal and financial cost since so many infants are exposed.
Authors:
Michael L Stitely; Byron Calhoun; Stefan Maxwell; Robert Nerhood; David Chaffin
Related Documents :
3303353 - The demand for health inputs and their impact on the black neonatal mortality rate in t...
11881793 - Hematological reference ranges in black very low birth weight infants.
3189963 - Passage of food antigens into circulation of breast-fed infants with atopic dermatitis.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The West Virginia medical journal     Volume:  106     ISSN:  0043-3284     ISO Abbreviation:  W V Med J     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0413777     Medline TA:  W V Med J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  48-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology West Virginia University School of Medicine, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Preliminary evaluation of the WV Prescription Drug Abuse Ouitline.
Next Document:  Spinal cord stimulation as a method of reducing opioids in severe chronic pain: a case report and re...