Document Detail


Prevalence and determinants of hypertension in rural and urban areas of southern Ethiopia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21796914     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is an important public health challenge in both economically developed and developing countries.
OBJECTIVE: To asses the magnitude of hypertension in rural and urban southern Ethiopia.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted on 979 study participants in Sidama Zone, South Ethiopia from November 1-30, 2008. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and standardized procedures recommended by the WHO MONICA project for the measurement of the anthopometric variables. Analysis was done using SPSS 15.0 version.
RESULTS: Out of 979 participating subjects. 485 were from urban and 494 were from rural. The prevalence of hypertension was 9.9% with 10.1% in urban and 9.7% in rural areas ranging from 4.2% in those below 30 years to 29.4% in those above 60 years. Bivariate analysis showed hypertension was highly occurred more in those above 30 years old, in those with the family history of hypertension, and a BMI > or =25 kg/m2. Hypertension also correlated with, less physical activity, extended family size, personal and family history of diabetes mellitus, measured dysglycemia, excess meat consumption and drinking alcohol. Multivariate analysis showed similar correlation of increased possibility of hypertension with being over 30 years, having a family history of hypertension, a BMI > or =25 kg/m2. and excess meat consumption. Tea drinking was found as a protective factor for hypertension on bivariate and multivariate analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Hypertension has equal public health importance in urban and rural settings of southern Ethiopia. Hypertension is common among those age over 30years. overweight, consume excess meat and have family history of hypertension. Drinking tea may have a protective effect for hypertension.
Authors:
Araya Giday; Belay Tadesse
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ethiopian medical journal     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0014-1755     ISO Abbreviation:  Ethiop. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0373223     Medline TA:  Ethiop Med J     Country:  Ethiopia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-47     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Hawassa University, Medical Faculty, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
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