Document Detail

Prevalence of cryptosporidiosis in dairy cattle, cattle-keeping families, their non-cattle-keeping neighbours and HIV-positive individuals in Dagoretti Division, Nairobi, Kenya.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22878888     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
This paper reports a study estimating the prevalence of cryptosporidiosis, an emerging zoonosis, in people and cattle in Dagoretti, Nairobi. A repeated cross-sectional survey was carried out among randomly selected cattle keepers in Dagoretti, their dairy cattle and their non-cattle-keeping neighbours in the dry and wet seasons of 2006. A survey was also carried out among a group of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Faecal samples were examined for Cryptosporidium oocysts using the modified Ziehl-Neelsen method; 16 % of the samples were also examined using immunofluorescence antibody (IFA) technique. Quality control consisted of blind reviews of slides, examining split samples and confirming slide results with IFA. We found that members of dairy households had a dry season cryptosporidiosis prevalence of 4 % and wet season prevalence of 0.3 %, and non-dairy households, a prevalence of 5 and 0 %, respectively. The cattle dry season prevalence was 15 %, and the wet season prevalence, 11 %. The prevalence in people living with HIV was 5 %. The laboratory quality control system showed some inconsistency within and between different tests, indicating challenges in obtaining consistent results under difficult field and working conditions. In conclusion, this is the first reported study to simultaneously survey livestock, livestock keepers and their neighbours for cryptosporidiosis. We failed to find evidence that zoonotic cryptosporidiosis is important overall in this community. This study also draws attention to the importance of quality control and its reporting in surveys in developing countries.
Erastus Kange'the; Brigid McDermott; Delia Grace; Cecilia Mbae; Erastus Mulinge; Joseph Monda; Concepta Nyongesa; Julie Ambia; Alice Njehu
Related Documents :
22573848 - Low bone mass in behaviorally hiv-infected young men on antiretroviral therapy: adolesc...
22408698 - A county-level examination of the relationship between hiv and social determinants of h...
22549138 - Truncated phosphonated c-1'-branched n,o-nucleosides: a new class of antiviral agents.
24096968 - Clinical pharmacogenetics implementation consortium (cpic) guidelines for ifnl3 (il28b)...
23713918 - Prevalence of ocular manifestations of hiv/aids in the highly active antiretroviral the...
21771348 - Matrin 3 and hiv rev regulation of mrna.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical animal health and production     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-7438     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop Anim Health Prod     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1277355     Medline TA:  Trop Anim Health Prod     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Public Health, Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Colorectal cancer in inflammatory bowel diseases: CT features with pathological correlation.
Next Document:  The importance of HER2 signaling in the tumor-initiating cell population in aromatase inhibitor-resi...