Document Detail


Prevalence and correlates of self-reported psychotic symptoms in the British population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15458989     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The psychosis phenotype is generally thought of as a categorical entity. However, there is increasing evidence that psychosis exists in the population as a continuum of severity rather than an all-or-none phenomenon. AIMS: To investigate the prevalence and correlates of self-reported psychotic symptoms using data from the 2000 British National Survey of Psychiatric Morbidity. METHOD: A total of 8580 respondents aged 16-74 years were interviewed. Questions covered mental health, physical health, substance use, life events and socio-demographic variables. The Psychosis Screening Questionnaire (PSQ) was used to identify psychotic symptoms. RESULTS: Of the respondents, 5.5% endorsed one or more items on the PSQ. Factors independently associated with psychotic symptoms were cannabis dependence, alcohol dependence, victimisation, recent stressful life events, lower intellectual ability and neurotic symptoms. Male gender was associated with paranoid thoughts, whereas female gender predicted hallucinatory experiences. CONCLUSIONS: Self-reported psychotic symptoms are less common in this study than reported elsewhere, because of the measure used. These symptoms have demographic and clinical correlates similar to clinical psychosis.
Authors:
Louise C Johns; Mary Cannon; Nicola Singleton; Robin M Murray; Michael Farrell; Traolach Brugha; Paul Bebbington; Rachel Jenkins; Howard Meltzer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science     Volume:  185     ISSN:  0007-1250     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-01     Completed Date:  2004-12-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0342367     Medline TA:  Br J Psychiatry     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  298-305     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK. ljohns@iop.kcl.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Female
Great Britain / epidemiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Odds Ratio
Prevalence
Psychotic Disorders / epidemiology*
Questionnaires
Residence Characteristics
Risk Factors
Rural Health
Self Disclosure
Sex Distribution
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Health

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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